Shellfish Water Sanitary Profiling

 

Shellfish concentrate microbial pollution from human sewage and livestock sources. Growing the best quality shellfish therefore requires high quality growing waters.


CREH have completed detailed catchment studies at shellfish harvesting waters for UK regulators, water and sewerage undertakers and Governments.


These have deployed the CREH catchment science and sewerage impacts expertise to design remediation strategies for key sites.


Other studies have focused on quantification of the impacts of both low level chronic pollution and intermittent elevated pollution loadings on shellfish quality.


Quantitative sanitary profiles have been completed for key UK harvesting waters using the extensive data base describing export coefficients and sewage quality amassed by CREH since 1996.


Solutions, driven by a top quality evidence-base, include:- targeted agricultural BMPs; disinfection of continuous and intermittent effluents; and nearshore modelling and management

 

Rees, G., Pond, K., Kay, D. and Domingo, S. (2009) (Eds.) Safe management of shellfish and  harvest waters. Published jointly by International Water Association and World Health Organization 358p. ISBN9781843392255.

Stapleton, C.M., Kay, D., Wyer, M. D., Davies, C., Watkins, J., Kay, C., McDonald, A.T. and Crowther, J.  (2010) Identification of microbial risk factors in shellfish harvesting waters: the Loch Etive case study.  Aquaculture Research 42, 1-20 (Special Issue on the Proceedings of the Scottish Aquaculture: A Sustainable Future? Symposium, 21-22 April 2009, Edinburgh; ISSN 1365-2109 doi:10.1111/j.1365-2109.2010.02666.x).

Kay, D., Lee, R., Wyer, M.D. and Stapleton, C.S. (2009) Integrated catchment studies: source identification and modelling. In Rees, G., Pond, K., Kay, D. and Domingo, S. (Eds.) Safe management of shellfish and  harvest waters. Published jointly by International Water Association and World Health Organization 358p. ISBN9781843392255.

Kay, D., Lee, R., Wyer, M.D. and Stapleton, C.S. (2009) Profiling shellfish harvesting waters for public health protection. In Rees, G., Pond, K., Kay, D. and Domingo, S. (Eds.) Safe management of shellfish and  harvest waters. Published jointly by International Water Association and World Health Organization 358p. ISBN9781843392255.

Rees, G. and Kay, D. (2009) Framework for change. In Rees, G., Pond, K., Kay, D. and Domingo, S. (Eds.) Safe management of shellfish and  harvest waters. Published jointly by International Water Association and World Health Organization 358p. ISBN 9781843392255.

Kay, D., McDonald, A.T., Stapleton, C.M., Wyer, M.D. and Crowther, J. (2009) Catchment to coastal systems: managing microbial pollutants in bathing and shellfish harvesting waters. In Jenkins, A. and Ferrier, B. (Eds.) (2009) Catchment Management Handbook.Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, ISBN 9781405171229, pp.181-208.

Ferguson, C. and Kay, D. (2012) Transport of microbial pollution in catchment systems. In Bos, R. and Bartram, J. (Eds) Animal Waste, Water Quality and Human Health: WHO - Emerging Issues in Water and Infectious Disease series. International Water Association and WHO, London. (in press).